The highest mountain range is known as the Great Himalayas, Greater Himalayas, or Himadri. Mount Everest and Kangchenjunga, Lhotse, and Nanga Parbat are all situated in the Great Himalayas range. The mountain range extends to 2400 km (1500 miles).
Likewise, the average elevation of the Great Himalayas range is 6000 m (20000 ft.). Some of the most famous glaciers in the Great Himalayas range include Satopanth Glacier and Gangotri Glacier. Additionally, the territories having political territories within the Himadri are India, Nepal, China, Bhutan, Pakistan, and Tibet.
There are several facts about the Great Himalayas range that are going to interest you. Make sure to read till the end of this article to know more!
What you need to know about the Great Himalayas Range
The Great Himalayas range is also known as the Inner Himalayas, Central Himalayas, and Himadri, besides being called the Greater Himalayas. There are some of the most prominent peaks in the world situated in the Great Himalayas range. This mountain range is asymmetrical. The core of this mountain range is made up of granite. The mountain is bound by snow, and the top of the peak is usually always covered by snow. The elevation of the Great Himalayas range is elevation is 6,100 meters above sea level. The breadth of the mountain range is about 25 kilometers.
The Great Himalayas range is made up of different types of rocks like core crystallines (granites and gneisses) with metamorphosed sediments or limestone atop. The topography of the great Himalayan range is known as hog back, which also translates to long or steep hill or mountain range. The slope of the mountain range is steep in the south while being only mildly steep in the north. There is a convex mountain arc to the south of the Great Himalayas range.
There is a termination at syntaxial angles of the mountain range, including the north-eastern Namcha Barwa and northwestern Nanga Parbat. The highest mountains in the world are all situated in this mountain range and are covered with snow throughout the year. There are just as many glacial lakes and glaciers in the Great Himalayas range.
Climate of the Great Himalayas Range
The climate of the Great Himalayas range is mostly cold and chilly. The snow-clad mountains have a great role to play in this. The people living in the Great Himalayas region have been habituated to the high-altitude cold. However, anyone who visits regions of this mountain range is likely to feel intense and never before experienced a sort of chill. There is a variation of temperatures at different points within this mountain range, the lower points being warmer than the unbearably cold higher points. There is a great heat buildup in the mountain faces as heat collides directly from the sun to these faces. Therefore, though it is possible for snowfall to remain throughout the year, the summer heat can be as extreme as the winter cold. Moreover, temperature fluctuates from one peak to another.
Ecology of the Great Himalayas Range
The animals and plants found in different parts of the Himalayas vary according to the difference in climate, soil, altitude, and rainfall. There is permanence of snow at the top of the mountains, especially in the Great Himalayas. Hence, the animals that are habituated to extreme cold are found here. Some of the animals are the snow leopard, the Himalayan tahr, the takin, the Himalayan serow, the Himalayan goral, the endemic bharal or Himalayan blue sheep, Gee’s golden langur, the Kashmir gray langur, red panda, Himalayan black bear, etc. Additionally, there are plant species commonly found in the mountain range, like rhododendrons, Cedrus, Picea, Abies, Pinus, and junipers.
People in the Great Himalayas Range
There are many inhabitants in the Great Himalayas range. These people are mostly from the Sherpa community. The Sherpa people had shifted from Tibet and came to Nepal as refugees in the 1900s. It has been more than 600 years since the Sherpa people entered Nepal and have been living within the regions of the Great Himalayas range.
There is a great significance for people following the Buddhist religion in the Great Himalayas range. Likewise, one might also find people following Hinduism, though rarely, within this mountain range. There are numerous monasteries in the great Himalayas range where hundreds and thousands of tourists come for visits every year.
Some of the most prominent peaks in the Great Himalayan Range
The tallest mountains in the world are located in the Great Himalayas Range, including Mount Everest and several other tall mountains. Mount Everest, also known as Sagarmatha, lies in the Mahalangur Himalaya sub-range. The Chinese and Nepali border is located within the Mount Everest area. A lesser-known name of Mount Everest is Mount Qomolangma. The peak can be accessed from both Nepal and China. There is a dense population of Sherpa people in the mountain area.
The third-highest peak in the world, Mount Kanchenjunga, is also located in the Great Himalayas range. In Tibetan language, the meaning of the mountain’s name translates to “The Five Treasures of Snows”. The five treasures are gold, silver, gems, grain, and holy books. There are more than 12 peaks that go above the height of 7000m in this mountain range.
Nanga Parbat, or Diamir, is another prominent mountain located in the Great Himalayas range. This mountain is in the western Himalayas. Nanga Parbat is considered the second most dangerous mountain in the world after Mount Everest. Zozi La of Kashmir Valley is known as a well-considered pass to Nanga Parbat.
Mount Lhotse, similarly, is the world’s fourth tallest peak. It is situated on the border of Nepal and Tibet in the Khumbu region. This mountain can be accessed through the same route as Mount Everest. You are to take the same trail till Camp 3 to reach either of the mountains. Since this peak is very close to Everest, it has not been able to grasp as much popularity.
What is the significance of the Great Himalayas Range?
The Great Himalayas range in the Himalayas faces snowfall throughout the year. Though the lower regions of the Himalayan range are dry, the upper mountains are responsible for the formation of glacial lakes and a water system in the Himadri regions.
Some of the tallest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, are a part of the Great Himalayas Range. These peaks have made it possible to help people all around the world know about South Asian countries, which are rather small, like Nepal and Bhutan, and other countries like India, Pakistan, and China.
The Great Himalayas also provide water to a good number of the Indian subcontinent, and in their absence, the waterways would not have been there, causing a great problem for the inhabitants. Flora and fauna in the mountainous parts, or even the ones in the lower half of the great Himalayas range, are the ones that can only survive in extreme cold or are found in cold places. The mountain range has made it possible to build the Himalayan interior and preserve natural life there.
Likewise, the core of the Himalayas is made out of granite and has been said to be the result of the collision of Eurasian and Indian plates from several years ago. Though the mountains have been built from the imbalance of the plates, it has been a natural phenomenon that has always been heavily considered and cherished by people from Nepal, India, Bhutan, China, and Pakistan. The Great Himalayas range has truly become one of the greatest treasures of the aforementioned Asian countries.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the significance of Zojila Pass?
Zoji La Pass is an Indian territory mountain pass connecting to Ladakh, which further subconnects the Kashmir Valley to the west, the Dras and Suru valleys to the northeast, and the Indus Valley to the east.
Where is the Great Himalayan mountain range?
The Great Himalayan mountain range situated in Asia stretches towards countries like Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Afghanistan, and India.
What are the 3 ranges of the Himalayas?
The 3 ranges of Himalayas are the Greater Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas, and the Outer Himalayas.
What is the largest range of Himalayas known as?
The largest range of Himalayas is known as the Greater Himalayas or Himadri.
Which is the longest and most important range of the Great Himalayas?
The longest range of the Great Himalayas is Pir Panjal.
What is Nepal Himalaya called?
The Nepal Himalayas include all the different ranges of Himalayas, including the Greater Himalayas, Lesser Himalayas, and Outer Himalayas.
What is the origin of the Greater Himalayas?
The collision of two plates, the Eurasian plate, and the Indian plate, caused the formation of the Greater Himalayas. There was excessive pressure among the plates, which caused them to move upward, forming the tallest of peaks in the northeastern Indian subcontinent.
How old are the Himalayas?
The Himalayas are around 50 million years old.