List of 7 Major Mountain Ranges in India

India is home to several mountain ranges. While these mountain ranges also go beyond just India to connect with the neighboring countries, these mountain ranges include some of the highest and the most prominent mountains worldwide. Almost all the mountains located in the mountain ranges of India exceed 1000 meters.

The youngest and the most popular mountain range in India is the Himalayan Mountain range. This range includes the tallest and most famous mountains. The mountain range is the main source of rivers in India and the bisection of India and the rest of the Asian countries.

To know more about mountain ranges in India, make sure to read till the end of this article!

Great Himalaya Range

Great Himalaya Range nanda devi

The Himalayas range in India is divided into several mountain ranges, such as the Great Himalayas range, the Middle Himalayas range, and the Outer Himalayas Range. Among all the other mountain ranges, the Great Himalayas is the highest range that is covered with snow at the top. The peaks in this range are above the height of 22000 feet above sea level. It runs about 1,200 miles along India’s northern border, from Jammu and Kashmir in the west (where the Indus River meets) to Arunachal Pradesh in the east. The part in Sikkim has the highest peaks, notably Mount Kanchenjunga, the world’s third highest peak at 28,169 feet above sea level.

Moreover, At 25,643 feet above sea level, Nanda Devi in the Garhwal area of Uttarakhand is India’s tallest summit. The Great Himalaya includes two noteworthy glaciers in Uttarakhand: the Gangotri Glacier, which feeds the sacred Ganges River, and the Yamunotri Glacier, which feeds the Yamuna River.

Not just trekkers and mountaineers but also religious devotees tend to visit this range given the fact that the mountain range is also an abode to the most religious temples, few among the Chaardhaam, which is one of the most important and well-considered pilgrimage destinations for Hindu followers.

A lot of mountains in the great Himalayas range are in an acquirable height. Hence, it won’t be too tough to conquer these mountains if you have good physical fitness and capacity. But mountains like Kanchenjunga, in Sikkim, which is also connected to Nepal, remain unconquered to this day.

Middle Himalaya Range

Middle Himalaya Range Pir Panjal
Pir Panjal range, near Khajjiar

The Middle Himalayas range is parallel to the Great Himalayas range of India. This mountain range is dominated by greenery. This mountain range, though includes some high peaks at around 20,000 feet above sea level, of height, it still has some of the most attainable and shorter mountains. Most popular hill stations are in the middle Himalaya range, especially in Himachal and Uttarakhand. This range also goes to touch Gangtok, Darjeeling, and Kashmir.

Two major mountain ranges under the middle Himalayas range include the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar. Pir pandal range is the longest among the two. Starting from Kashmir, this range extends to the upper Beas River in Himachal Pradesh. The tallest peak in this mountain range is Indrassan, at 20,410 feet above sea level. Ardrossan is located in Kullu district.

Likewise, trekkers can enjoy some of the most thrilling yet challenging treks in Deo Tibba, Pin Parvati, Bhabha Pass, Hampta Pass, and Kashmir Alpine Lakes when around this mountain range. As for the Dhauladhar range, the highest peak is Hanuman Tibba which is 19,488 feet tall.

Outer Himalaya Range

Outer Himalaya Range Shivalik Range

The outer Himalayan range is situated in the foothills of the Himalayan range. The other name for the outer Himalayas range is Shivalik Range. It divides the mountains from the plains and has valleys and hills that ascend no more than 5,000 feet above sea level. An enormous piece of this range is in Himachal Pradesh. It also includes Jammu, Punjab, Kalimpong, Rishikesh, and Haridwar.

Therefore, not only is the mountain range famous among trekkers and mountaineers but also among religious pilgrims who are here to worship their gods in the most prestigious temples. Rafting, worshipping, hiking, etc., can all be done when you are in the outer Himalayan range. Though the range is stretched to different places in India, you can find the best of every area in the outer Himalayan range.

Purvanchal Range

 Daphabum Peak is the highest peak in Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary.
Daphabum Peak is the highest peak in Kamlang Wildlife Sanctuary.

The Purvanchal Range is located in Arunachal Pradesh, south of the Brahmaputra (Dihang) River, and marks the border between India and Myanmar. This mountain range runs across the Northeast Indian states and has a relatively low altitude that gradually drops to the south. The highest elevation in the Purvanchal range is Dapha Bum in the northeastern part of Arunachal Pradesh.

In Mizoram, the highest peak is known as the Blue Mountain, which is 7,080 feet tall and goes above sea level.

Aravalli Range

Aravalli Range India

The Aravalli Range stretches 500 miles from Champaner and Palanpur in eastern Gujarat to the suburbs of Delhi. Aravalli also means lines of peaks. Around 80 percent of the mountain range touches Rajasthan. It borders the Thar desert and protects the harsh desert climate.

The tallest mountain in the Aravalli mountain range is Guru Shankhar at the Gujarat border, which stands tall at 5,650 feet above sea level.

Vindhya Range

Vindhya Range

The Vindhya Range spans central India, beginning on the northern bank of the Narmada River in Madhya Pradesh. Furthermore, it extends 675 kilometers from Jobat in Gujarat to Sasaram in Bihar. And the tallest mountain in this mountain range is Kalumar Peak, located in the Damoh district of Madhya Pradesh. It stands at a height of 2,467 feet above sea level.

As per a legend in Ramayana, this mountain range seems to have been decreased to impress Vedic sage Agastya, who was highly admired at that time. The mountains in the Vindhya range had increased so much that they blocked the sun from Earth.

Satpura Range

Satpura Range

The Satpura Range parallels the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh, between the Narmada and Tapti Rivers, on the Narmada River’s southern bank. It stretches around 560 miles from Gujarat’s Rajpipla Hills to Chhattisgarh’s Maikala Hills. The highest mountain in the Satpura range is Dhupgarh, 4,400 feet above sea level.

Along with trekking in the area, several movies from India’s biggest movie, central Bollywood, have been shooted in the Pachmarhi hill station. There are several temples for the devotees of Lord Shiva within the Satpura range. These temples have significance among the Hindus greatly as it is believed that during the time of Mahabharata, the Pandavas built them during their exile.

Also, read:

Related Articles

Back to top button