Toubkal is the highest Ultra-prominent peak in the Great Atlas, North Africa, and Arab World, standing at 4,167 m tall inside the Toubkal National Park. It is located 65 km south of Marrakech, a city in Morocco, and is prominently visible from there. The peak is named after the ancient Greek Titan Atlas, the same as other Atlas Mountains.
It wasn’t until 1923 that group of French climbers successfully summited the mountain for the first time. The first ascent is a noteworthy triumph, not only for the French themselves but for the whole climbing community. It opened up the mountain to other mountaineers, and today, Toubkal stands as a mainstream for hikers and mountaineers around the globe.
On this occasion of the Centennial Anniversary Of Climbing Toubkal, we have brought interesting facts about Toubkal.
Is Mount Toubkal Young Or An Ancient Mountain?
The Atlas Mountain, Jbel Toubkal, is roughly over 100 million years old. The peak was beautifully sculpted by geological processes in the early Jurassic Period, some 201.3 to 145.0 million years ago. In that era, many of the world’s continents were still clustered following the split of the supercontinent Pangea.
Much of the Grand Atlas mountain range contains sedimentary rocks, but the Toubkal peak is rested in the Volcanic rocks area, which has weathered into alpine crests.
Centennial Anniversary Of Climbing Toubkal
The year 2023 counts as the centennial anniversary of Toubkal climbing. On 12th June 1923, a French expedition led by Marquis de Segonzac, two climbers: Hubert Dolbeau and Vincent Berger, successfully attempted the first ascent of the Toubkal by western climbers. The expedition is set out from a small town, Imlil, in Morocco.
There may be the early successful climb of Toubkal, but not recorded in history.
In the current scenario, Toubkal sees over 500 persons each year.
How Hard Is Mount Toubkal?
Mountain has never been easy, whether it’s 8000ers or ultra-prominent peak. Similarly, Toubkal, as a proud prominent peak, comes with unpredictable weather like any other mountain in the world.
Besides, climbers find the peak with minimal challenges with rocky terrain, steep inclines, and unpredictable weather. Further, skiing is a popular sport in the area. Information about the route to Mount Toubkal can be acquired at Imlil or Marrakesh tourist offices.
Summer in Mount Toubkal is dry, but storms can be excepted. Above 3,500m, the daytime temperature remains above zero, but nights still see freezing conditions. Meanwhile, Toubkal has a snow blanket during winter, which is prone to deadly avalanches.
When Was Mount Toubkal Measured?
After climbers Vincent Berger and Hubert Dolbeau successfully scaled the Toubkal, its height was measured in 1924. The height was calculated at 4,165 meters (13,665 ft) which is now extended by 1 meter to 4,167 meters.
Besides, there is a famous trigonometrical symbol at the Toubkal summit, built in 1931.
Route And Acess To Toubkal
The easy access to Toubkal is from Marrakesh, a city in Morocco, via the road-end village of Imlil. Professional guides and porters are available to guide the route and carry supplies higher into the mountains, respectively.
The standard route begins with a hike to Aroumd village. On the far side of the village, a floodplain is crossed, and it continues to the left slope of the valley, leaning southwards. On the way, there is a famous pilgrimage site, Sidi Chamharouch, a Muslim shrine.
After that, hiking over the stream and climbing steeply uphill takes you to the Isougouane Valley. You can find Refuge Toubkal and Refuge Les Mouflons, two famous base camps situated at 3,207 m (10,522 ft).
From Refuge Toubkal, after crossing the stream, climb a slop of small loose stone steep which leads you to the hanging valley. Again follow the steep slope, which will take you to a col. Now you are at 3,940m. Then head northwards to reach the narrow summit crest of Toubkal.
Besides, there are two other routes: Ikhibi Nord and West-North-West Ridge. Though Ikhibi Nord is technically easier, the route is not used frequently. On the other hand,
West-North-West Ridge offers a long and pleasant traverse. Hence, Ikhibi Sud, the normal route, is popular among the three.
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Is it necessary to use crampons and an ice axe to go up in summer?
Since Summer has a dry environment in the region, Toubkal does not demand the use of crampons and an ice axe.
What is the height of Mt Tobukale in meters?
Toubkal stands 4,167 m tall.
How difficult is Toubkal?
Toubkal is considered moderately challenging, with no requirement for technical climbing skills.
How long does it take to climb Toubkal?
Toubkal ascent can be completed within two days of climbing.
Can you climb Toubkal alone?
Toubkal Peak is safe to attempt solo. However, hiring a guide and porters aid your journey to become comfortable and safe.