Nepal is a country of snow-capped mountains, and it has been a primary attraction for tourists globally. It is home to the eight highest peaks in the world, which all range over 8000 meters above sea level. With the immense richness of the Himalayas, Nepal has become the second home to many mountaineers. Looking at the statistics, there are more than 1,310 mountains over 6000 meters, and one of them is Mount Everest itself.
While we discuss the mountain peaks in Nepal, do we even know where those peaks lie? What is the main mountain range home to 1310 peaks in Nepal? Here is a list of mountain ranges in Nepal, possessing beauty and attractions to the country.
Annapurna Mountain Range:
Annapurna Mountain Range is located in the North-Central part of Nepal, within Annapurna Conservation Area. It includes one peak over 8000 meters, thirteen peaks over 7000 meters, and sixteen peaks over 6000 meters above sea level. The mountain range is 55 kilometers long and is one of the most beautiful mountain ranges in Nepal.
Talking about its location, Annapurna Mountain Range has the Kali Gandaki River on its west, the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and the Pokhara Valley on the south.
Major Peaks of Annapurna Mountain Range:
- Annapurna I (8,091 m)
- Annapurna I – Central (8,051 m)
- Annapurna I – East (8,010 m)
- Annapurna II (7,937 m)
- Annapurna III (7,555 m)
- Annapurna IV (7,525 m)
- Annapurna South (7,219 m)
- Annapurna Fang (7,647 m)
- Khangsar Kang (7,485 m)
- Tarke Kang (7,202 m)
- Lachenal Peak (7,140 m)
- Tilicho Peak (7,135 m)
- Nilgiri Himal North (7,061 m)
- Nilgiri Himal Central (6,940 m)
- Nilgiri Himal South (6,839 m)
- Machhapuchchhre (6,993 m)
- Hiunchuli (6,441 m)
- Gandharba Chuli (6,248 m)
- Gangapurna (7,455 m)
Damodar Mountain Range
Damodar Mountain Range is another mountain range that lies beside Annapurna Massif. The mountain range is comprised of 28 peaks in total. Out of them, it includes twenty-six peaks above 6000 meters and two peaks above 5000 meters above sea level.
Lists of Peaks from Damodar Mountain Range:
- Amotsang (6,392 meters)
- Araniko Chuli (6,039 meters)
- Bhrikuti (6,476 meters)
- Bhrikuti Shail (6,364 meters)
- Chhib Himal (6,581 meters)
- Chulu East (6,584 meters)
- Chulu West (6,419 meters)
- Dhechyan Khang (6,019 meters)
- Gaugiri (6,110 meters)
- Ghyun Himal I (6,099 meters
- Hongde (6,556 meters)
- Jijang (6,111 meters)
- Jomsom Himal (6,581 meters)
- Kang Kuru (6,355 meters)
- Kesang Khang (6,063 meters)
- Khumjung Himal (6,699 meters)
- Mansail (6,242 meters)
- Mansail South (6,251 meters)
- Mustang Himal (6,195 meters)
- Nar Phu (5,748 meters)
- Pisang (6,091 meters)
- Pokhar Khang (6,348 meters)
- Purbung (6,500 meters)
- Purkung (6,126 meters)
- Saribung (6,346 meters)
- Yakawa Kang (6,482 meters)
- Lunadhar Khang (5,811 meters)
- Yarsang Khang (5,897 meters)
Dhaulagiri Mountain Range
Dhaulagiri Mountain Range is one of the longest mountain ranges in Nepal. It extends around 120 kilometers in range from the Kaligandaki River west to the Bheri. It has the Bheri River in the north and southwest part and Myagdi Khola in the Southeast.
List of Peaks from Dhaulagiri Mountain Range:
- Dhaulagiri I (8,167 m)
- Dhaulagiri II (7,751 m)
- Dhaulagiri III (7,715 m)
- Dhaulagiri IV (7,661 m)
- Dhaulagiri V (7,618 m)
- Churen Himal (7,385 m)
- Churen Himal (East) (7,371 m)
- Churen Himal (West) (7,371 m)
- Dhaulagiri VI (7,268 m)
- Putha Hiunchuli (Dh VII) (7,246 m)
- Gurja Himal (7,193 m)
- False Junction Peak (7,150 m)
- Junction Peak (7,108 m)
- Peak Hawley (6,182 m)
- Hiunchuli Patan (5,911 m)
Ganesh Himal (Mountain Range)
Ganesh Himal (Mountain Range) comprises four mountains in the north-central part of Nepal. It stands beside the Langtang Mountain Range and is separated by Trisuli Gandaki Valley. All four peaks of Ganesh Himal are over 7000 meters above sea level.
Lists of Peaks from Ganesh Himal
- Yangra (Ganesh I/Main/NE) (7,422 m)
- Ganesh II/NW (7,118 m)
- Salasungo (Ganesh III/SE) (7,043 m)
- Pabil (Ganesh IV/SW) (7,104 m)
Kanchenjunga Himal (Range)
Kanchenjunga is the third highest peak in the world, but it is the elevation of the main peak out of five that comprises its union. Out of five, four peaks are over 8000 meters above sea level, while the last one, Kangbachen, is only 97 meters shorter (7,903 meters).
Lists of Peaks from Kanchenjunga Himal
- Kangchenjunga Main (8,586 m)
- Kangchenjunga West (Yalung Kang) (8,505 m)
- Kangchenjunga Central (8,482 m)
- Kangchenjunga South (8,494 m)
- Kangbachen (7,903 m)
Langtang Mountain Range
Langtang Mountain Range is in Rasuwa District of Nepal, within Langtang National Park. The mighty mountain range sits around 80 kilometers north of Kathmandu. It has got two peaks above 7000 meters, nine peaks above 6000 meters, and two peaks above 5000 meters above sea level.
Langtang National Park, a natural sanctuary in the northern Himalayan region, is home to several endangered animals, such as the snow leopard, black bear, Himalayan Tahr, and also 250 species of birds.
Lists of Peaks from Langtang Mountain Range
- Langtang Lirung (7,234 m)
- Langtang Ri (7,205 m)
- Dorje Lakpa (6,966 m)
- Loenpo Gang (6,979 m)
- Changbu (6,781 m)
- Yansa Tsenji (6,690 m)
- Kyunga Ri (6,601 m)
- Dogpache (6,562 m)
- Langshisha Ri (6,427 m)
- Gangchenpo (6,387 m)
- Morimoto (6,150 m)
- Tsogaka (5,846 m)
- Yala Peak (5,520 m)
Mahalangur Mountain Range
Mahalangur Mountain Range lies in the northeast part of Nepal, and it stretches from Nangpa La Pass between Rolwaling Himal and Cho Oyu to the Arun River. It is home to the six highest peaks in the world, all over 8000 meters above sea level.
Mahalangur Mountain Range can be divided into three sub-categories. They are:
- Everest (8848 m)
- Lhotse (8516 m)
- Cho Oyu (8201 m)
- Nuptse (7855 m)
- Changtse (7580 m)
- Pumori (7161 m)
Besides, there are 20 peaks over 7000 meters and 36 over 6000 meters above sea level in Khumbu Section.
- Chamlang (7319 m)
- Chamlang East (7235 m)
- Baruntse (7129 m)
- Ama Dablam (6812 m)
Besides, there are 17 other peaks over 6000 meters in the Barun Section of the Mahalangur Mountain Range.
- Makalu (8463 m)
- Chomo Lonzo (7790 m)
- Kangchungtse or Makalu II (7678 m)
Moreover, there are ten other peaks over 6000 meters in the Makalu section of the Mahalangur Mountain Range.
Mansiri Himal (Mountain Range)
Mansiri Himal lies in the north-central part of Nepal, around 100 kilometers northwest of Kathmandu. To its Southwest, the Marsyangdi River separates it from the Annapurna Mountain Range. Similarly, the Dudh Khola separates Peri Himal to the northwest, and Budhi Gandaki separates it from Ganesh Himal to the east.
It includes only three peaks, and one of them is Manaslu, which stands at 8156 meters above sea level. It is the eighth-highest peak in the world.
Lists of Peaks from Mansiri Mountain Range
- Manaslu – 8,156 m (26,759 ft)
- Himalchuli – 7,893 m (25,896 ft)
- Ngadi Chuli – 7,871 m (25,823 ft)
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Frequently Asked Questions
What major mountain range can be found in Nepal?
There are several mountain ranges in Nepal. Among them, Mahalangur Mountain Range, Langtang, Dhaulagiri, and Annapurna Mountain Range are the prominent ones.
Which mountain range is located between Nepal and Tibet?
Between Nepal and Tibet, the Himalayan mountain range features all the sub-ranges like Annapurna, Mahalangur, Mansiri, and Dhaulagiri Mountain ranges.
How many mountain ranges are there in Nepal?
The main mountain range of Nepal is the Himalayan Mountain Range. But there are 20 different subranges located in Nepal.
What is the name of the mountain range in Nepal?
The Himalayas is the name of the mountain range in Nepal. It is about 1,550 miles (2,500 km) long in distance.
What type of mountain is the Himalayan range of Nepal?
The Himalayan range of Nepal has tectonic mountains as they were formed due to the tectonic collision.
What mountain range separates India and Nepal from China?
It is the Himalayas that separates India and Nepal from China. It stretches to Pakistan.
How was the Nepal mountain range formed?
Nepal’s mountain range was formed due to the collision of tectonic plates under the earth’s surface. Before, there was a sea named ‘Tethees’ around this region.