The mountain range that separates India and China is known as the Himalayan mountain range. The Himalayas, often known as the Himalayas, are an Asian mountain range that separates the Indian subcontinent from what is known as the Tibetan Plateau. This is additionally the name of a large mountain chain that comprises the Himalayas, the Karakoram, and the Hindu Kush as well as some lesser ranges that goes beyond Pamir Knot.
The Himalayas are the home to the world’s highest mountains, otherwise known as the 14 Peaks, among which also falls the tallest mountain in the world at 8848 meters above sea level, Mount Everest. Not only does the Himalayan mountain range separate India and China, but also includes other countries like Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. The world’s major river system also starts from this mountain range, some of the rivers being the Indus, Ganga-Brahmaputra, and Yangtze basins.
If you want to learn more about the mountain range that separates India and China, make sure to read till the end of this article!
What mountain range separates India and China?
The Himalayan mountain range separates India and China. In fact, this range creates a natural border between the two countries. An interesting fact about the Himalayan mountain range is that it consists of nine of the ten tallest peaks in the world, and no other mountain range exceeds the elevation that the Himalayan range consists of. Furthermore, India, Pakistan, and China dispute the range’s authority in the Kashmir area.
This mountain range has been split into three sections, namely, the Greater Himalayas, the Lesser Himalayas, and the Outer Himalayas. Tibet in China is what is close to India and the place that the Himalayas separates. Hence, the Himalayas and the mountains in this mountain range are not just a part of either China or India, but both. Additionally, the line between India and China is also known as the McMahon Line.
The Himalayan range stretches from Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the northeast Indian states like Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand, which are situated in Arunachal Pradesh.
How was the Himalayan mountain range formed?
The Himalayan mountain range started to form several millions of years ago when India and Eurasia collapsed with one another. One plate could not be buried nor overlapped by the other. Hence, the plates started exceeding from above and hence birthed the Himalayas. In this way, not just one but several mountains started to form by the plates going upwards to the sky. Before almost 225 million years, India was an island that later shifted northwards. India was not in the Asian continent before the shift. Hence, it was, at that time, 6,400 km south of Asia. The shift and the movement of the plate are also assumed to be the reason behind the birth of the Himalayas.
Do the Himalayas separate China from India?
Yes, the Himalayas or the Himalayan mountain range is the mountain range that separates China from India. This does not necessarily mean that the Himalayas only form a border between these countries but also means that the Himalayan mountain range stretches towards both countries. However, only a small part of the Tibetan plateau is situated in the Himalayas, in contrast to India, which consists of several states that are part of the Himalayas, including Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh. Several mountains from the mountain range fall into these states.
The Himalayas, for the Indian part, has, over the years, become one of the most prominent places for pilgrimage for Hindu devotees all around the world. Likewise, all three of the major mountain range, the Great Himalaya range, the Middle Himalaya range, and the Outer Himalaya range, all have something to promote to the trekkers and the devotees who visit there every year.
The Tibetan plateau, on the other hand, is a little lesser known to people. Regardless of this, and the fact that the Himalayas is only a small part of China, some of the most popular mountains, like Mount Everest and Xixiabangma Peak, also lie in this part of the world. Moreover, the Himalayas are located in the western part of China.